From what I have gathered and based on the property’s abundance of stone walls, the land had been cleared for agricultural use in the 1800’s along with most of Columbia County. Forested portions are definitely second growth, a mix of hard and softwoods.
Claverack owes its existence to early Dutch settlers, part of the patroon system that dominated the Hudson Valley. Here’s a link to a thorough history of Claverack including mention of the Esselstyn Estate that borders the property on the west and Hollowville, the hamlet to the immediate south of the property.
The Town of Claverack has a number of historic buildings and sites, summarized here on the Town’s website.